If you are like me, you want a lush, healthy garden that produces big, delicious vegetables and fruits. However, one problem that plagues my garden every year is crop pests. They love to feast upon my healthy garden as if it was their last meal on earth turning my beautiful garden into something that resembles green Swiss cheese. I began to wonder how farmers controlled crop pests centuries ago before the invention of harmful chemical pesticides. Of course, there are several good green products on the market that claim they are completely organic and they will rid your garden of unwanted pests; however, how can I be sure they are truly organic.
My solution was to research organic pesticides and find ways of making my own cures for common crop pests. I was amazed by the number of organic pesticides I found online and by talking to local farmers and gardeners. Organic pesticides are easy to make and work well to keep the crop pests at bay. Below is my Top 7 Organic Pesticides – – hopefully they will help you rid your garden of pests while protecting the earth and yourself from harmful chemical pesticides.
1. Chile pepper and diatomaceous earth – Grind two handfuls of dry chilies into a fine powder and mix with one cup of Diatomaceous earth. Add to two liters of water, let sit overnight and shake well before apply to plants.
2. Onion and Garlic Spray – Mince one organic clove of garlic with one medium organic onion and add to one quart of water. After one hour, add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper and one tablespoon of liquid soap. If you store this in the refrigerator, it will retain its potency for about a week. It is great to use if you have a slug infestation.
3. Eucalyptus oil – This has been used for centuries to keep flies, bees and wasps at bay. Spring a few drops of eucalyptus oil anywhere you notice insects and they will quickly flee the area.
4. Citrus Oil and Cayenne Pepper Spray – This is a fantastic organic pesticide that works well on ants. Mix 10 drops of citrus essential oil with one teaspoon of cayenne pepper in one cup of warm water. Add to a spray bottle, shake well and spray all infected areas.
5. Buttermilk and flour spray – This works well for slugs but also cutworms, wireworm and whiteflies. Soak six tablespoons of chopped garlic in two teaspoons of paraffin for 24 hours. Then add ¼ cup of liquid dish detergent and 1 pint of water. Shake well, strain and store for up to one week in a glass jar.
6. Spearmint-Hot-Pepper-Horseradish spray – This one is potent! Mix ½ cup of fresh spearmint, ½ cup of horseradish (root and leaves), ½ cup of green onion tops and ½ cup of hot red peppers together with enough water to cover all of the ingredients. Strain the solution and set aside. To the liquid solution add a half-gallon of water and 2 tablespoons liquid detergent and mix well. Before using the solution, mix 1/2 gallon the solution with 1/2 gallon of water in a spray bottle and spray the affected plants. Store this mixture for a few days in a cool environment.
7. Baking soda spray – This is used to treat fungal diseases in the garden. Mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda and ½ tablespoon of oil with one cup of warm water until the baking soda dissolves. Add the rest of the water and spray on infected plant leaves. It is best to spray in the morning before the sun is too hot so that you do not risk burning the tender leaves.